Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Steel Frame with Shear Panel at Mid-Span

Document Type : Structural Earthquake Engineering


International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES), Tehran


During the last two decades, the semi-supported steel shear wall (SSSW) has been introduced as an alternative to the traditional form of steel plate shear wall (SPSW) system. In this paper, a numerical and experimental study on the behavior of a pinned connection steel frame with a mid-span shear panel, as well as the effect of opening existence on the system behavior is investigated. In this system, shear panel consisting of infill steel plate, stiffeners perpendicular to infill plate and secondary columns are placed in the middle of the steel frame span with pinned connections and unlike conventional SPSW system and SSSW system, the buckling of the infill plate is prevented and energy dissipation is carried out by shear. Experimental studies were performed on two specimens with a scale of 1:2. The characteristics of both specimens are the same and the only difference is the presence of opening in the second specimen. The results showed that in both specimens, the hysteretic curves were spindle-shape and without pinching. Moreover, numerical results were in good agreement with the experimental ones. Numerical studies showed that the energy dissipation and shear strength were increased with decreasing the opening ratio as well as decreasing height to thickness ratio of the infill plate. For example, in models with slenderness ratio of 200, the dissipated energy and maximum strength in the model with an opening ratio of 0.4 were about 47% and 38% less than that of the model without opening, respectively.


Sabouri-Ghomi, S., Roberts, T. (1992) Nonlinear dynamic analysis of steel plate shear walls including shear and bending deformations.Engineering Structures, 14(5), 309-17.
Elgaaly, M., Caccese, V., and Du, C. (1993) Postbuckling behavior of steel-plate shear walls under cyclic loads. Journal of Structural Engineering, 119(2), 588-605.
Driver, R.G., Kulak, G.L., Elwi, A.E., and Kennedy, D.L. (1998) FE and simplified models of steel plate shear wall. Journal of Structural Engineering, 124(2), 121-130.
Driver, R.G., Kulak, G.L., Kennedy, D.L., Elwi, A.E. (1998) Cyclic test of four-story steel plate shear wall. Journal of Structural Engineering, 124(2), 112-120.
Astaneh-Asl, A. (2001) Seismic Behavior and Design of Steel Shear Walls . Steel TIPS Report.
Sabouri-Ghomi, S., Ventura, C.E., and Kharrazi, M.H. (2005) Shear analysis and design of ductile steel plate walls. Journal of Structural Engineering, 131(6), 878-89.
Shekastehband, B., Azaraxsh, A., Showkati, H., and Pavir, A. (2017) Behavior of semi-supported steel shear walls: Experimental and numerical simulations. Engineering Structures, 135, 161-176.
Berman, J.W. and Bruneau, M. (2005) Experimental investigation of light-gauge steel plate shear walls. Journal of Structural Engineering, 131(2), 259-67.
Vian, D., Bruneau, M., Tsai, K-C., and Lin, Y-C. (2009) Special perforated steel plate shear walls with reduced beam section anchor beams. I: Experimental investigation. Journal of Structural Engineering, 135(3), 211-20.
Purba, R. and Bruneau, M. (2009) Finiteelement investigation and design recommendations for perforated steel plate shear walls. Journal of Structural Engineering, 135(11), 1367-1376.
Driver, R.G., Grondin, G.Y., Behbahanifard, M.R., and Hussain, M.A. (2001) Recent developments and future directions in steel
plate shear wall research. NASCC Proceedings.
Guo, L., Rong, Q., Ma, X., and Zhang, S. (2011)Behavior of steel plate shear wall connected to frame beams only. International Journal of Steel Structures, 11(4), 467-479.
Vatansever, C. and Yardimci, N. (2011) Experimental investigation of thin steel plate shear walls with different infill-to-boundary frame connections. Steel and Composite Structures, 11(3), 251-71.
Jahanpour, A., Jonsson, J., and Moharrami, H. (2012) Seismic behavior of semi-supported steel shear walls. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 74, 118-33.
Clayton, P.M., Berman, J.W., and Lowes, L.N. (2015) Seismic performance of self-centering steel plate shear walls with beam-only-connected web plates. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 106, 198-208.
Shekastehband, B., Azaraxsh, A., and Showkati, H. (2018) Experimental seismic study on shear walls with fully-connected and beam-onlyconnected web plates. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 141, 204-15.
AISC (2010) Seismic Provisions for Structural Steel Buildings AISC 341-10. Chicago: American Institute of Steel Construction.
ASTM (2006) Standard Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products. ASTM A370. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). West Conshohocken, USA.
Clark, P., Frank, K., Krawinkler, H., and Shaw, R. (1997) Protocol for Fabrication, Inspection, Testing, and Documentation of Beam-Column Connection Tests and Other Experimental Specimens. SAC Steel Project Background Document (Report No. SAC/BD-97/02).
Simulia (2013) ABAQUS Ver sion 6.13-4 Documentation.