Document Type : Structural Earthquake Engineering
Centre for Earthquake Engineering Research (CEER), Department of Civil Engineering, University of Hong Kong
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Melbourne
Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Hong Kong
The significance of near-surface attenuation in bedrock, as distinct from attenuation in unconsolidated soft soil sediments, has been identified. The k parameter, which characterizes the extent of this attenuation mechanism, is generally difficult to measure, particularly in regions of low and moderate seismicity. Empirical correlation of k with the near-surface shear wave velocity parameter in rock has been developed using global information obtained from limited independent studies. The influence of shaking intensity on the value of k has been found to be negligible in conditions that are consistent with the average seismicity of Australia (as also for other intraplate regions). Thus, adjustment in the value of k to account for variations in earthquake magnitude, or the intensity of ground shaking, has not been recommended for intraplate conditions. In parallel with the empirical correlations, values of k have also been obtained from calibration analyses employing stochastic simulations of the seismological model, along with onedimensional non-linear shear wave analyses of the rock layers. Good agreement in the values of k obtained from the different approaches has been demonstrated. The correlation of k with the near-surface shear wave velocity of rock, as recommended in this paper, has thereby been reaffirmed.