Document Type : Seismology and Engineering Seismology
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge
In this study, the crustal velocity structure and depth of Moho is determined under the eastern part of Iranian Kopeh Dagh, North-East Iran that is named Hezar-Masjed mountains. The teleseismic waveform receiver functions technique is used to determine crustal thicknesses in this study. 41 teleseismic earthquakes from three broadband seismometers installed in the Iranian Kopeh-Dagh, are used to calculate P-wave receiver functions. Receiver functions for each station are generated from events for a wide range of backazimuths. From analysis of receiver functions at KAR, ZOW and HAM stations, the crustal structure is suggested for the Hezar-Masjed area with a Moho depth of 44-50km. Results indicate three main layers; the upper crust has an S-wave velocity between 2.1-3.2km/s and a 10 to 12km thickness, a middle crust with S-wave velocity between 3.2-3.7km/s and a 22 to 25km thickness and the lower crust with S-wave velocity between 3.7-4.4km/s and a 12 to 15km thickness. An S wave velocity between 4.6-4.7km/s indicates the velocity of the Moho at 47km on average and varies from 44 to 50km. Deeper Moho is found under the southern station.