Remote Detection of Earthquake Induced Damage on Bridge Piers UsingWSN Based on Dual Receiver and Phase Difference Measurement Technique

Document Type : Technical Note


1 Hakim Sabzevari University

2 Islamic Azad University of Neyshabur, Science and Research Branch


In this study, a new technique for monitoring the structural health of bridge piers, from the point of view of earthquake induced damages, was introduced and was then simulated and evaluated by the use of a scaled model of a typical bridge. This system use the detection of phase difference between two synchronous receiver nodes connected through a wireless sensor network, and is based on using an array of inexpensive high-frequency oscillator circuits (4 GHz) as wireless transmitters through placing them in some important structural positions of the bridge piers, receiving and analyzing the signals sent by these transmitters by two synchronous receiver nodes. The proposed monitoring system measures the changes in phase difference between two synchronous receiver nodes before and after induced damages (displacement or deformation). It showed an accuracy of a tenth of a millimeter in the simulations, as well as a high reliability in monitoring the structural health of bridge because it provides a real-time report of status of each transmitter (activated, deactivated, damaged). The proposed systemhas a low price compared to other SHM methods and also has a much lower volume and complexity of data processing compared with similar techniques. This study did not have any field trial, but a complete simulation by the use of an array of six transmitters (TX) and two receivers (RX) was conducted for a scaled model with six piers. Mathematical derivation, geometrical principles, signal processing and simulation details was thoroughly examined.